Allergy is an increased sensitivity of the body to certain substances. A variety of factors can provoke a disease – starting with house dust, animal hair, food, and ending with medications.
What house dust is
The gray coating that constantly forms on the surface of furniture, window sills, and the floor is household dust. Its composition, it turns out, is rather complicated. Household dust as a separate substance does not exist. It is a waste of human life, contains living organisms and all kinds of compounds.
Animal hair, microscopic particles of the skin, dust mites – all this and much more pour into whole dust clouds formed during shaking of bedspreads, knocking out carpets.
How is dust allergy manifested?
The following conditions indicate the presence of an allergy to dust:
– rhinitis. Inhaling dust, a person feels severe itching in his nose. He soon begins to sneeze. During sneezing, a large amount of transparent mucus is secreted from the nasal passages;
– bronchial asthma. Many allergy sufferers develop severe bronchospasm as a result of dust particles entering the respiratory tract. It manifests itself as a dry unproductive cough, suffocation. This symptom of an allergy is considered the most dangerous, as it can be fatal;
– conjunctivitis. Being in a dusty room, an allergic child constantly rubs his eyes, his tears flow. The eyelids may swell and blush. Even after going outside, lacrimation may persist for some time;
– rashes on the skin. This symptom rarely accompanies an allergy to house dust, but it still occurs in some patients. If there are allergens in the dust that cause a pathological immune response when touched, then soon reddened patches will form on the skin, which itch heavily. Gradually, they can turn into bubbles filled with a clear liquid.
To understand that it is dust particles that provoke allergic reactions, you need to correlate your own symptoms with the most important sign of dust allergy. Its essence is that after leaving the room, a person immediately begins to feel better, since direct contact with the allergen ceases. Another sign of dust allergy is an increase in symptoms in the morning and evening when the patient is in bed.
How to treat dust allergies
Before you start treating allergies, you need to know exactly what causes it. To do this, you must make an appointment with an allergist and pass a number of tests, do allergy tests. If the preliminary diagnosis is confirmed, you can proceed to the treatment of dust allergies. It consists of the following:
– regular ventilation of the room;
– daily wet cleaning in the house;
– purchase of new blankets, pillows and mattresses;
– replacement of textile decor elements with leather;
– frequent change of bed linen.
All carpets, curtains, indoor plants, soft toys need to be removed. Ideally, pillows should be discarded. In the apartment you need to install a humidifier and an air purifier.