A stroke is an acute violation of cerebral circulation. It can happen at any age, even at age 20, and come suddenly and without precursors, like thunder from a clear sky. There are 3 main signs of a stroke. Doctors say that after the first symptoms appear, doctors have 3 hours to help the person. If you notice at least one, you need to call an ambulance soon.
To always remember these three signs, they came up with the abbreviation BLOW (smile-movement-articulation-decision). In the West they use the abbreviation F.A.S.T. (face-arm-speech-time) to recognize the first signs of a stroke and call for help.
1. Asymmetric smile
Ask the person to smile. With a stroke, the facial expression is broken, one side will be omitted, as a result, the smile will turn out to be crooked.
2. Incoherent speech
Ask him to pronounce his last name, first name and patronymic. With a stroke, speech becomes slurred. It may seem that a person is very drunk and can not connect two words.
3. It is impossible to raise two hands one level
Ask the person to raise both hands up. If a person has a stroke, he will not be able to raise one of them. If you ask to shake your hands with both hands, the strength in your hands will be uneven.
Important: if at least one of these symptoms is present, call an ambulance and describe the symptoms.
The impaired condition can also be determined by language. A person with a stroke will not be able to stick it out, it will be bent or sank.
Implicit signs of a stroke:
- impaired coordination of movements;
- nausea or vomiting;
- severe headache for no apparent reason;
- sharp visual impairment, double vision in the eyes;
- numbness of body parts on one side.
Even if any of the symptoms went away by itself, this does not mean that the danger has passed. The faster a person gets to the hospital, the faster they will be helped and the greater the consequences will be avoided.