Porridge is unique, it can be prepared in many ways. It can be both a side dish and an independent dish. This is a hearty meal that will provide you with energy for a long time, and since ancient times it is believed that nothing is better than porridge, especially for children.
But in fact, all kinds are useful in different ways, and sometimes even harmful. So you need to eat them with caution.
Of course, you cannot “sit” on a single porridge during the diet, so you will not get the necessary vitamins, even alternating ones, you will not get the necessary elements that are contained in other foods.
In addition, legumes contain substances that can sometimes be consumed only in limited quantities, and it is important to know that for you there are no such restrictions. Nutritionists will tell you that porridge is good for a normal diet. And this is starch, which enters the bloodstream in the form of glucose. It is then it turns into fat, and for people with diabetes, it is generally prohibited.
For example, there is such an important indicator – glycemic index (GI), which is 100 for glucose. It is on this scale that its level of other products is determined. The level of this porridge index can vary (it rises 3-4 times) if you cook porridge in milk.
The highest GI in corn (70-80), it is almost naked starch! Then comes the semolina (65-80), a little lower – the rice (50-57). Next, buckwheat porridge (50-55), then pea porridge (20-30) and pearl barley with indicators of only 20-30 is considered the best porridge according to the glycemic index.
Oatmeal and millet porridge are between harmful (high GI) and healthy (low GI), so they can be attributed to both here and here. Wild and brown rice is healthier than steamed white.
The most useless porridge is semolina. This is a by-product of the production of wheat flour, and its GI is high, but it is also poor in trace elements, vitamins, and it also interferes with the absorption of vitamin D, calcium and iron.
In addition, they are quite high in calories, 100-140 kcal per 100 g. Therefore, if you want to improve your diet, stick to fruits and vegetables, as well as fish, meat and other sources of protein.