If you are the parents of a teenager, then your own first sex 20 years ago or more could have been without a condom – the times were dark. Perhaps you don’t use them even now – you have a permanent sexual partner, and you protect yourself from pregnancy in other ways. But it is important for teenagers to give out a consolidated adult position – even if you are sure that it is too early for them to have sex. So, what is the relationship between teenagers and condoms?
Any sexual activity in which partners do not exchange sperm, vaginal secretions, blood is protected sex. It protects against sexually transmitted diseases (STD) and unwanted pregnancies.
A condom is the only thing that protects against STD and unwanted pregnancy at the same time. That is why the most important rule of sexual life is: sex – only protected; no condom – no sex.
How to use a condom correctly
A condom is also called the barrier method of protection against STD and unwanted pregnancy. But it is worth remembering that this protection is not one hundred percent. Efficiency decreases if the condom is used incorrectly. Is that correct? How is it?
- Keep track of shelf life. This applies to all products, and condoms are no exception. Their usual shelf life is three to five years. Has expired Throw out without a doubt.
- Comply with the storage conditions: from 0 to +25 degrees Celsius, undesirable temperature drops, open sunlight (reduce the quality of the product) and friction (can damage the packaging). Sill, bag – bad options. Shelf in the closet, drawer in the table – fit.
In order not to doubt the shelf life and storage conditions, buy condoms 1) just before sex and 2) at the pharmacy.
- Carefully open the package. Do not tear it with your teeth and cut it with scissors. Gently tear the jagged edge. If the condom is damaged when opening the package or putting it on – take a new one.
- Time to wear: before, not during penetrating sex. The condom lying on the bedside does not include the remote protective effect.
- To put on correctly: hold the tip of the condom between your thumb and index finger and squeeze out the air, with your other hand gently roll the condom along the entire length of the penis. Member must be fully erect.
- Time to shoot. Immediately after ejaculation, remove the penis from the vagina, hold the condom and remove it. To delay is fraught: excitement subsides, the penis is reduced, so that the condom can slip.
- Use one condom once. It is not designed for multiple use.
- Do not forget about lubrication. From the vagina during excitation, natural lubrication is released. Sometimes it is not enough. (This is normal and does not mean that something is wrong with you.) Then you should buy a lubricant at the pharmacy. Low lubrication – more risk of condom breakage and damage to the genitals.
- Choose the right lubricant. If you use latex condoms (most of them are on the market now), only water-based or silicone-based lubricants are suitable. Oil lubricant destroys latex.
- Always use condoms. Lost to buy, suddenly ended, the passion overtook in an unexpected place – not a reason for abandoning them. No condom – no sex.
What does condom protect from? STD
Sexually transmitted diseases are very many. Sex is the most common infection, but not the only one. Some diseases spread in a different way. For example, HIV can be obtained if the blood of an HIV-positive person enters your bloodstream.
STD can occur in any person, and those who have never had sex in their life, too.
And if I have an STD, will there be pain, a burning sensation and a rash?
No, it is a myth, STD sometimes begin and are asymptomatic. You do not notice any manifestations and you can not for months or even years guess that you have become infected.
Nevertheless, there is some truth in the myth: pay attention to any suspicious signs. Among them:
- vaginal pain;
- itching and irritation of the vulva;
- painful urination;
- any sores, pimples, redness, blisters;
- unusual color, unpleasant smell of daily discharge.
How do I know if I have an STD?
Go to the clinic
The easiest option: make an appointment with the gynecologist in the clinic, to which you are attached, or in the consultative and diagnostic center for teenagers, if there is one in your city. Explain to the gynecologist that you would like to find out if you have an STD. The doctor will give you tests that he deems necessary. Follow his instructions.
Advantages of this option: the price issue. Free or almost free. But there are also disadvantages: sometimes you have to wait for reception for weeks and even months, and there is a risk that you will not get enough tactful specialist.
The second option: make an appointment with a gynecologist in a private medical center. The remaining actions are the same. In this case, the probability of being offended is extremely low. Typically, private centers appreciate customers, so their employees behave correctly. In addition, you will be taken faster than in the public hospital.
True, a paid medical appointment and paid tests are not affordable for everyone. And if the analysis for any infection is confirmed, treatment will be needed, which means a new visit to the gynecologist and new expenses.
What is the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)?
HIV is one of the most famous sexually transmitted diseases. The virus infects the cells of the immune system. The last stage of HIV infection is Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS). At this stage, the body loses the ability to fight any infections, tumors, fungi and viruses. They affect a defenseless organism and can cause death.
HIV is incurable. Not yet found a medicine that destroys it. On the other hand, antiretroviral therapy has been developed, which suppresses the development of the virus and allows HIV-positive people to live a full life. Without therapy, it takes about ten years from infection to death.
HIV is transmitted by:
- Through the blood. Most often – with intravenous drug use with a common syringe.
- Sexually. Regardless of the gender of both partners.
- From mother to child during pregnancy, childbirth or through breast milk.
HIV is not transmitted by households. The virus is unstable and quickly dies outside the body. You can safely breathe the same air, swim in the same pool, drink from one glass, shake hands, hug and kiss (if there are no bleeding wounds in the mouth).