In the maternity hospital, the mother and the newborn baby are supported and supervised by experienced medical staff, who can be contacted at any time of the day for help. But having appeared after an extract alone with the child, parents begin to worry and doubt in the forces. It seems to them that they may miss, forget or make a mistake while caring for a newborn baby. Mom and dad are worried about fears for the child’s condition, and any changes in his behavior cause them concern for his well-being.
A woman worries about the health of her baby from the onset of pregnancy. And after his birth, experiences affect not only mom, but also dad. Aware of the extent of their responsibility for the safe development of their offspring, they take to heart every strange thing that happens to them. It seems to them that the babies eats little, sleeps too restlessly or is not enough in the fresh air. For young parents, a tendency towards perfectionism is typical. Because of their inexperience, they want to give their child the very best that he needs and in no case prevent an oversight. It seems to them that the health of the newborn is very fragile and requires constant monitoring by adults and doctors.
In fact, research shows that the body of the newborn has an incredible ability to adapt. After the birth of the child will face a serious stressful situation when environmental conditions are fundamentally different from those in which he spent nine months. But he very quickly learns to eat in a new way, perceive light, sounds, touches and even breathe. Therefore, parents should not constantly harass themselves with vain experiences. Enough to deal with basic issues for the care of the baby.
Wince in sleep
Sometimes parents have to notice that their baby, when sleeping, slightly shudders. But this is not a signal about the health problems of the baby. The cause of involuntary muscle contractions, in most cases, are external stimuli that prevent the child from resting. This may be due to a sudden harsh noise (for example, a phone call or the sound of a car going into the yard). Even during wakefulness, these irritants are capable of seriously disturbing a little man, for whom so many things are not clear around him.
In addition, a similar reaction may occur when sleep moves from the surface to the deep phase. It may also bother the tummy, because the gastrointestinal tract is not yet fully formed. In some cases, flinches are the result of the nervous overloads of the mother, abnormalities in the period of intrauterine development or difficult birth. It is worth remembering that restless sleep may be one of the first signs of rickets. In this case, the child may experience excessive sweating and erasing the hair on the back of the head.
We must try to provide optimal conditions for a good rest and recuperation. For this, it is advised to exclude those external factors that prevent the child’s body from relaxing. Before going to bed, your baby does not need to be over-excited with active games. He should be surrounded only by muffled sounds, he should be addressed with a calm voice. You can turn on monotonous, lulling music. It is important to provide a comfortable temperature in the bedroom. In such an environment, the child will simply tune in to a good sleep.
But if jerks are regular and wavy, then parents definitely need to consult a pediatrician. These symptoms may be associated with epilepsy. But even in their absence, doctors insist that the child in three months showed a neurologist who will eliminate the disease.
Massage for newborns
To knead the muscles and do gymnastics for the kid is very useful for full development. The basics of a wellness massage can be demonstrated to the mother at the maternity hospital or children’s clinic. It is very simple and recommended for all newborns. If the doctor prescribed therapeutic massage sessions, then it is allowed to be performed only by specialists. When the baby has a fever or there are problems with the skin, such procedures are canceled.
With the help of some massage movements, parents can help get rid of unpleasant sensations as soon as possible. With a cold and cough, it is recommended to gently rub the chest and back, and knead each finger. If colic bothers you, you can make circular movements along the tummy in a clockwise direction or bend the legs.
For the procedure is recommended to use a warm, but ventilated room. To make the baby easier to get used, the very first session should not last longer than five minutes. Do not worry that the body of the child is too fragile. It is quite hardy, so massage movements should be performed gently, but confidently and clearly.
The first stages of infant’s development
In order for a child’s mental and physical development to occur correctly, it is important to master a set of exercises:
- Lying on the tummy, the baby should reach for the bright toy located not far from it. It is necessary to stimulate him while crawling forward.
- An interesting object is lifted at some distance from the eyes of the baby so that he tries to touch him.
- The little guy is taught to get down on all fours, and then he tries to stand on his feet for a while. To do this, they put an adult on his knees or on the floor, hold him under his arms and give him the opportunity to stand.
- In order for the baby to get acquainted with the properties of the surrounding objects, you can use any toys. They put one item in each pen and show how to hold them and how to lift them.
- The babe needs to be given various rattles and teach them to rattle. This not only entertains the young researcher, but also develops his observation.
- You can teach your child to do slow and smooth movements with handles. For this, his open palm is stroked on the face of the mother, accompanying these actions with affectionate conversation, song, rhymes or simply gentle sounds. Thanks to this technique, the natural formation of the speech apparatus occurs.
When the toddler is six months old, pediatricians recommend conducting classes with him on the basis of developing cards. The child is shown color pictures with a clear image of objects, animals or machines. At the same time he clearly pronounced the name of each of them. This will help you learn to talk.
Are heart murmurs dangerous?
During the period of prenatal development, the child may experience a slight defect of the cardiac septum. After birth, it may persist for some time and cause characteristic heart murmurs. In most cases, this phenomenon does not cause any harm to the health of the newborn, and after a while it completely disappears. During this period, the baby must be especially carefully protected from serious infections that can give complications to this organ. But despite the external harmlessness of the phenomenon, doctors recommend parents to consult a cardiologist. After all, noise can be a symptom of such a serious deviation as a heart defect that needs to be treated promptly.
We provide health
For a newborn baby to be healthy and strong, you need to be hardened. Immunity can be strengthened from the very first day of life. Parents are taking the first steps in this direction, even without noticing it. Hardening of the baby begins from the very moment when it is left without clothes for a few minutes, when it is bathed or changed. Even such a change of heat to cool stimulates the immune system of the newborn. The time of such air baths is recommended to gradually increase, and also not to forget to lay out the child in the sun, the action of which stimulates the production of vitamin D in the skin of the baby. Room temperature should be in the range of 18–22 degrees of heat, the room for games and sleep should be regularly ventilated and sufficient moisture should be provided, especially in the heating season when heating devices overly dry the air.
Starting to carry out tempering activities, the mother must adhere to the basic principles. All procedures should be performed gradually, regularly and taking into account the individual characteristics of the babies.
If the child tolerates air baths well, then a month later they can be supplemented with water procedures. The water temperature should decrease by one degree each time. From 37 ° C you can reach 29 or even 26 if the child feels comfortable and does not react with crying and whims. In addition, any evening swimming in warm water should be finished with cold douche. In a few months the health of the baby will be much stronger.
Even if the parents do not have practical experience in dealing with newborns, this is not a reason for confusion. Caring for the health of a newborn baby should not become a permanent source of anxiety. As the experience of pediatricians shows, young parents are able to quickly master the basic principles of caring for their baby. About a month later, they will notice that they have already learned how to perform each action correctly and even brought these skills to the level of automatism. After all, if you have patience, be happy to follow the development of the baby and give him warm feelings, you will quickly get in touch with him and learn to understand what he needs.